Migration in Africa
Only twenty-percent of migrants actually leave the African continent, according to the African Union. More people move from the Horn of Africa to southern Africa than those crossing the Sahara to north Africa to reach Europe. There is even more movement within West Africa, a region that historically had porous borders. There is also increasing activity from East Africa across the Gulf of Aden, with migrants fleeing conflict or in search of better economic opportunities. Meanwhile estimated number released by The United Nations, the number of international migrants globally reached an estimated two hundred and seventy two million in 2019, an increase of fifty-one million since 2010.
Joining us on the line is:
• Itayi Viriri is the head of online communications at the International Organisation for Migration (IOM)
• Jo Vearey is an Associate Professor with the African Centre for Migration & Society, University of the Witwatersrand